Why is the Parthenon famous?

Asked By: Lashon Ticoo | Last Updated: 9th January, 2020
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The Parthenon is surely the most important monument of ancient Greece and is one of the most famous in the world. It was the most sacred of monuments, and was famous in antiquity as a Greek architectural masterpiece. The monument was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena.

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Simply so, why is the Parthenon so special?

Importance of the Parthenon Built in the 5 century B.C., it was a symbol of the power, wealth and elevated culture of Athens. It was the largest and most lavish temple the Greek mainland had ever seen. Today, it is one of the most recognized buildings in the world and an enduring symbol of Ancient Greece.

Also Know, who was the Parthenon built for? Ictinus Callicrates

Also, why was the Parthenon built?

Work began on the Parthenon, built on the Acropolis, in 447 BC to replace an existing temple which was destroyed by the Persians in 480 BC and cost 469 silver talents to build. The work began under the orders of Pericles to show the wealth and exuberance of Athenian power.

What does Parthenon symbolize?

The Parthenon was an expression and embodiment of Athenian wealth, and it was a symbol of Athenian political and cultural preeminence in Greece in the middle of the fifth century. It was larger and more opulent than any temple that had been constructed on the Greek mainland before.

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Who destroyed the Parthenon?

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis. The resulting explosion severely damaged the Parthenon and its sculptures.

What's the difference between the Acropolis and the Parthenon?

What's the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.

What is the Parthenon used for today?

Temple
Place of worship
Ancient Greek temple

What is inside the Parthenon?

The Parthenon on the Acropolis of Athens was built between 447 and 438 BC as a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena Parthenos. Inside the building stood a colossal image of Athena Parthenos, constructed of gold and ivory by Pheidias and probably dedicated in 438 BC.

What materials was the Parthenon made of?


Its massive foundations were made of limestone, and the columns were made of Pentelic marble, a material that was utilized for the first time. The classicalParthenon was constructed between 447-432 BCE to be the focus of the Acropolis building complex.

Is the Parthenon being rebuilt?

Historic Decision Made to Rebuild Part of the Parthenon. The Greek Central Archaeological Council (KAS) decided on Wednesday that a part of the Parthenon, now in ruins on the Athens Acropolis, is to be rebuilt using mostly materials which are now lying on the ground.

What did the Parthenon look like originally?

“Sitting atop the hill at the Acropolis, the Parthenon was built in the mid-5th century BC to house a monumental golden statue of Athena. The gigantic statue was over 12 m high and made of carved ivory and gold – 1,140 kilos of gold, to be exact.

What does Doric order mean?

Doric order. Doric order. noun. The oldest and simplest of the three main orders of classical Greek architecture, characterized by heavy fluted columns with plain, saucer-shaped capitals and no base. A Roman order of similar design but with the addition of a base.

Is the Acropolis one of the Seven Wonders of the World?

Construction on the new Parthenon began in 447 BC and was mostly completed in 438 BC. Today, the Parthenon is an international symbol of Greek civilization and the temples of the Acropolis have become some of the world's most famous architectural landmarks. The Athens Acropolis is a UNESCO World Heritage site.

Who is Athena?


Athena was the Goddess of War, the female counterpart of Ares. She was the daughter of Zeus; no mother bore her. She sprang from Zeus's head, full-grown and clothed in armor. According to Homer's account in the Iliad, Athena was a fierce and ruthless warrior.

How the Parthenon was built?

Directed by the Athenian statesman Pericles, the Parthenon was built by the architects Ictinus and Callicrates under the supervision of the sculptor Phidias. Work began in 447 bce, and the building itself was completed by 438.

What are the differences between the Pantheon and the Parthenon?

The Parthenon was built to commemorate one goddess, Athena, the patron goddess of Athens, while the Pantheon was built to commemorate all the Roman gods and goddesses (which were Greek anyway). The most major difference that can be seen is the actual structure of the two temples themselves.

How much did the Parthenon cost?

Costs for building the Parthenon
A talent was equivalent to roughly $6,000, so this Phidias statue alone cost $6,000,000 [in 2012 the cost equivalent would be $1.4 trillion]; and then the Parthenon building 700 talents ($4,200,000).

What happened to the Acropolis?

In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis. To prevent further losses, the Athenians buried the remaining sculptures inside natural caves and built two new fortifications, one of the rock's north side and one on its south.

How old is the Parthenon?


2,466
c. 447 BC-432 BC

When was the statue of Athena destroyed?

The cult statue, begun in 447 BCE and dedicated in 438 BCE, would remain the great city's symbol for a thousand years until, in Late Antiquity, it disappeared from the historical record, possibly taken to Constantinople and there later destroyed.