What is ATP used for in photosynthesis?

Asked By: Dereck Duvenkrop | Last Updated: 12th March, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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In Photosynthesis, the role of ATP (together with NADPH) is to provide the energy needed for carbohydrate synthesis in the "dark" (Light-Independent) reactions (also known as the Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle, after its discoverers).

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Correspondingly, what is ATP used for?

The Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) molecule is the nucleotide known in biochemistry as the "molecular currency" of intracellular energy transfer; that is, ATP is able to store and transport chemical energy within cells. ATP also plays an important role in the synthesis of nucleic acids.

Furthermore, how much ATP is used in photosynthesis? It is a complex cycle of mostly phosphorylation (adding or removing phosphate) and oxidative (electron removal) chemical reactions whereby 6 molecules of CO2 are converted into one molecule of glucose. It requires the energy-releasing cleavage of high energy bonds of 18 ATPs and 12 NADPHs .

Keeping this in consideration, what is ATP and Nadph used for in photosynthesis?

ATP and NADPH are the main product of the Light reactions of photosynthesis. ATP provides the free energy to power the Calvin Cycle (a.k.a. the Dark reactions). NADPH is the key electron donor (reducing agent). This provides the hydrogen and electrons needed to combine carbon dioxide into carbohydrate molecules.

What is the role of ATP and ADP in photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis: ATP and ADP Cycle. ATP is one of the most important compounds inside a cell because it is the energy transport molecule. The lower energy Adenosine DiPhosphate (ADP) is then re-energized during photosynthesis as the phosphate group is re-attached, thus completing the cycle of ATP to ADP to ATP

34 Related Question Answers Found

What sugar is found in ATP?

In terms of its structure, ATP consists of an adenine attached by the 9-nitrogen atom to the 1′ carbon atom of a sugar (ribose), which in turn is attached at the 5' carbon atom of the sugar to a triphosphate group.

What is the structure of ATP?

C10H16N5O13P3

What is ATP and how it works?

ATP is the energy currency of the body and it provides energy when the third phosphate detaches from the the rest of the molecule, leaving Adenosine Disphosphate (ADP) behind. Many of the processes that happen in the cell require energy, and ATP provides that much needed energy.

Where is ATP stored?

The energy for the synthesis of ATP comes from the breakdown of foods and phosphocreatine (PC). Phosphocreatine is also known as creatine phosphate and like existing ATP; it is stored inside muscle cells. Because it is stored in muscle cells phosphocreatine is readily available to produce ATP quickly.

Why is ATP so important?


ATP stands for adenosine triphosphate. It is a molecule found in the cells of living organisms. It is said to be very important because it transports the energy necessary for all cellular metabolic activities. It is dubbed as the universal unit of energy for living organisms.

Is ATP an enzyme?

ATP synthase is an enzyme that creates the energy storage molecule adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is the most commonly used "energy currency" of cells for all organisms.

What is ATP simple?

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a nucleotide used in cells as a coenzyme. It is often called the "molecular unit of currency": ATP transports chemical energy within cells for metabolism. Every cell uses ATP for energy. It consists of a base (adenine) and three phosphate groups.

How is ATP generated?

The actual formation of ATP molecules requires a complex process called chemiosmosis. This energy is used by enzymes to unite ADP with phosphate ions to form ATP. The energy is trapped in the high-energy bond of ATP by this process, and the ATP molecules are made available to perform cell work.

Where is ATP and Nadph used?

Unlike the light reactions, which take place in the thylakoid membrane, the reactions of the Calvin cycle take place in the stroma (the inner space of chloroplasts). This illustration shows that ATP and NADPH produced in the light reactions are used in the Calvin cycle to make sugar.

What are the two main stages of photosynthesis?


The two stages of photosynthesis: Photosynthesis takes place in two stages: light-dependent reactions and the Calvin cycle (light-independent reactions). Light-dependent reactions, which take place in the thylakoid membrane, use light energy to make ATP and NADPH.

How is ATP made in photosynthesis?

Photosynthesis. Photosynthesis is the process by which plants, some bacteria and some protistans use the energy from sunlight to produce glucose from carbon dioxide and water. This glucose can be converted into pyruvate which releases adenosine triphosphate (ATP) by cellular respiration. Oxygen is also formed.

How is ATP used in the Calvin cycle?

The Calvin cycle uses ATP and NADPH to convert CO2 to sugar: ATP and NADPH produced by the light reactions are used in the Calvin cycle to reduce carbon dioxide to sugar. ATP is the energy source, while NADPH is the reducing agent that adds high-energy electrons to form sugar.

What is the function of Nadph?

NADPH Definition. NADPH is a cofactor, used to donate electrons and a hydrogens to reactions catalyzed by some enzymes. Typically enzymes involved in anabolic pathways that create large molecules use NADPH, while enzymes involved in the breakdown of molecules use the analog NADH.

Why is Nadph is important in photosynthesis?

NADPH stands for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate hydrogen. NADPH is a product of the first stage of photosynthesis and is used to help fuel the reactions that take place in the second stage of photosynthesis. Plant cells need light energy, water and carbon dioxide to carry out the steps of photosynthesis.

Does Nadph produce ATP?


No any cells are there which can use energy in NADPH or FADH form . For utilise the energy , they mustly have to produce ATP , from any other energetic form ( NADPH/FADH). It is known to all that ; *2 ATP is produced from each FADH and 3 ATP is from each NADPH* .

What is the role of ATP in photosynthesis?

In Photosynthesis, the role of ATP (together with NADPH) is to provide the energy needed for carbohydrate synthesis in the "dark" (Light-Independent) reactions (also known as the Calvin-Benson-Bassham Cycle, after its discoverers).

What happens to ATP during photosynthesis?

When light energy is captured by the chloroplast, it, along with carbon dioxide and water, gets converted to ATP, NADPH, and oxygen (light-dependent reactions). The ATP and NADPH then enter the Calvin cycle and fuel the synthesis of molecules that eventually become sugar molecules.