What did Hennig Brand contribute to the periodic table?

Asked By: Lamiri Smaili | Last Updated: 14th April, 2020
Category: science chemistry
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Hennig brand is a german chemist who was the first discoverer of an element through his discovery of phosphorus around 1669. He discovered phosphorus by heating residues from boiled down urine.

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Subsequently, one may also ask, what did Hennig Brand do?

Hennig Brand, (flourished 1670, Hamburg [Germany]), German chemist who, through his discovery of phosphorus, became the first known discoverer of an element.

Also, who are the scientists that contributed to the periodic table? The history of the periodic table reflects over two centuries of growth in the understanding of the chemical and physical properties of the elements, with major contributions made by Antoine-Laurent de Lavoisier, Johann Wolfgang Döbereiner, John Newlands, Julius Lothar Meyer, Dmitri Mendeleev, Glenn T. Seaborg, and

Also asked, how did Hennig Brand discovered phosphorus?

Hennig Brand discovered phosphorus in 1669, in Hamburg, Germany, preparing it from urine. (Urine naturally contains considerable quantities of dissolved phosphates.) Brand called the substance he had discovered 'cold fire' because it was luminous, glowing in the dark.

How the periodic table changed the world?

The first periodic table in the "rows and columns" form we see today was invented by Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869. It included the properties of all of the known elements of that time. The periodic table has long-since filled in Mendeleev's gaps and has added new elements. It has even changed the weights of other elements.

39 Related Question Answers Found

Who discovered urine?

It was also the first element discovered since ancient times. The person who made this discovery was Hennig Brand in 1669, who did so while he was playing around with large amounts of human urine.

What is the origin of phosphorus?

Elemental phosphorus was first isolated as white phosphorus in 1669. White phosphorus emits a faint glow when exposed to oxygen – hence the name, taken from Greek mythology, Φωσφόρος meaning "light-bearer" (Latin Lucifer), referring to the "Morning Star", the planet Venus. Phosphorus is essential for life.

Where is phosphorus mostly found?

Phosphorus is not found in its pure elemental form on Earth, but it is found in many minerals called phosphates. Most commercial phosphorus is produced by mining and heating calcium phosphate. Phosphorus is the eleventh most abundant element in the Earth's crust. Phosphorus is also found in the human body.

What was the first discovered element?

Although elements such as gold, silver, tin, copper, lead and mercury have been known since antiquity, the first scientific discovery of an element occurred in 1649 when Hennig Brand discovered phosphorous.

Who Discovered Iron?


In Mesopotamia (Iraq) there is evidence people were smelting iron around 5000 BC. Artifacts made of smelted iron have been found dating from about 3000 BC in Egypt and Mesopotamia.

What was Hennig Brand's starting material?

Phosphorus Starts With Pee In This Tale Of Scientific Serendipity : Shots - Health News German alchemist Hennig Brand started with about 1,500 gallons of urine in his 17th century hunt for gold. Discovering phosphorus was just a nice surprise.

What are the characteristics of phosphorus?

Phosphorus Appearance & Characteristics
Characteristics: White phosphorus is a highly reactive, waxy, white-yellow, transparent solid with acrid fumes. It emits a weak green glow (luminescence) in the presence of oxygen. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in carbon disulfide.

What is black phosphorus used for?


Red phosphorus is used in safety matches, fireworks, smoke bombs and pesticides. Black phosphorus is also formed by heating white phosphorus, but a mercury catalyst and a seed crystal of black phosphorus are required. Black phosphorus is the least reactive form of phosphorus and has no significant commercial uses.

What is the importance of phosphorus?

The main function of phosphorus is in the formation of bones and teeth. It plays an important role in how the body uses carbohydrates and fats. It is also needed for the body to make protein for the growth, maintenance, and repair of cells and tissues.

Who is known as the father of chemistry?

Jöns Jacob Berzelius
Along with Lavoisier, Boyle, and Dalton, Berzelius is known as the father of modern chemistry. In 1828 he compiled a table of relative atomic weights, where oxygen was set to 100, and which included all of the elements known at the time.

Is phosphorus malleable or brittle?

Note that carbon, phosphorus, sulfur, and selenium are all known in malleable or ductile forms: carbon as exfoliated (expanded) graphite, and as metre-long carbon nanotube wire; phosphorus as white phosphorus (soft as wax, pliable and can be cut with a knife, at room t Sulfur, selenium, and iodine are brittle.

What is the history of phosphorus?

Phosphorus has been a defining element throughout modern human history. The elemental form was discovered around 1669 by the German alchemist Hennig Brandt. Earlier origins are a mystery, as phosphorus may have been discovered in ancient Rome, then its secret lost through the ages (Emsley, 2000).

Is Phosphorus harmful to humans?


Too much phosphate can cause health problems, such as kidney damage and osteoporosis. When white phosphorus occurs in nature this can be a serious danger to our health. White phosphorus is extremely poisonous and in many cases exposure to it will be fatal.

What is red phosphorus used for?

Red phosphorus is used in the production of semiconductors, pyrotechnics, fertilizers, safety matches, pesticides, smoke bombs, incendiary shells in organic synthesis reactions and certain flame retardants. It is also used in electroluminescent coatings.